LOCATION4th Floor
Call No. KJE9760 .C76 2011
Title Cross-border execution of judgements involving deprivation of liberty in the EU : overcoming legal and practical problems through flanking measures / Gert Vermeulen ... [et al.].
Location Volume/Copy Barcode Status
 4th Floor  KJE9760 .C76 2011    35005013508894  
 Acronyms and abbreviations11
 Executive summary15
1.Introduction and background to the study21
2.Methodology and approach23
2.1.Data gathering24
2.1.1.Legal framework24
2.1.1.1.International legal framework24
2.1.1.1.1.Approach24
2.1.1.1.2.Outcome24
2.1.1.2.National legal framework24
2.1.1.2.1.Approach24
2.1.1.2.2.Single points of contacts25
2.1.1.2.3.National legal framework questionnaire25
2.1.2.The situation in practice26
2.1.2.1.Practitioner's perspectives27
2.1.2.1.1.Practitioner's questionnaire27
2.1.2.1.2.Interviews with practitioners28
2.1.2.2.Desktop research28
2.2.Validation - conferences and symposia29
3.International legal framework31
3.1.Introduction31
3.2.Index of legal instruments and documents31
3.2.1.Legally binding international instruments/documents and their ratification status31
3.2.1.1.United Nations31
3.2.1.2.Council of Europe32
3.2.1.3.European Union35
3.2.2.Non-binding international instruments/documents35
3.2.2.1.United Nations35
3.2.2.2.Council of Europe36
3.2.2.3.Other36
3.2.3.Link with the legal framework questionnaire37
3.3.Expulsion and the transfer of prisoners37
3.3.1.International legal framework governing expulsions37
3.3.1.1.Freedom of movement and residence37
3.3.1.2.Expulsion38
3.3.1.3.Limitations on deportation and expulsion39
3.3.1.4.Legal status40
3.3.1.5.Minimising the risk of legal exposure40
3.3.2.Legal instruments concerning the transfer of prisoners42
3.3.2.1.Scope42
3.3.2.2.Double criminality43
3.3.2.3.Sentence conversion43
3.3.2.4.Rights of the subject and levels of consent required45
3.3.2.5.Initiation46
4.Problem analysis47
4.1.Social rehabilitation47
4.1.1.Cornerstone47
4.1.2.Minors and people with mental disorders and/or addictions48
4.1.3.Dickson v The United Kingdom48
4.1.4.Survey data50
4.1.4.1.Legal framework50
4.1.4.1.1.Standards that are specifically related to the 'progression principle'50
4.1.4.1.2.Standards related to the strengthening of ties with friends and family50
4.1.4.1.3.Standards specifically related to educational, recreational, work/training and welfare programmes52
4.1.4.2.Practitioners views53
4.1.5.Conclusion54
4.2.Knowledge and (access to) information56
4.2.1.Survey data56
4.2.1.1.Substantial lack of knowledge56
4.2.1.2.Substantial lack of information56
4.2.2.Conclusion57
4.3.Material detention conditions58
4.3.1.Respecting prisoners fundamental rights58
4.3.2.European Court of Human Rights58
4.3.2.1.Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment59
4.3.2.2.European Prison Rules60
4.3.2.3.Violations of Article 3 ECHR61
4.3.2.3.1.Overcrowding61
4.3.2.3.2.Disability facilities62
4.3.2.3.3.Health care62
4.3.3.Survey data63
4.3.3.1.Legal framework63
4.3.3.1.1.Standards related to fundamental rights in general63
4.3.3.1.2.Standards related to prison overcrowding64
4.3.3.1.3.Standards related to sanitation facilities, clothing, bedding and nutrition65
4.3.3.1.4.Standard related to health care65
4.3.3.1.5.Other standards that could relate to Article 3 ECHR67
4.3.3.2.Practitioners' views69
4.3.4.Conclusion70
4.3.4.1.Areas for concern70
4.3.4.2.Obstacles for a good operation of the Framework Decision70
4.4.Double criminality, sentencing equivalence and sentence execution71
4.4.1.Double criminality71
4.4.2.Sentencing equivalence72
4.4.3.Sentence execution72
4.4.3.1.Law of the executing state as a baseline72
4.4.3.2.Szabó v Sweden as a correction to the baseline73
4.4.4.Survey data75
4.4.4.1.Legal framework75
4.4.4.1.1.Significant variations in Member States' sentence execution modalities75
4.4.4.1.2.Significant variations in Member States' early/conditional release, earned remission and suspension of sentence provisions75
4.4.4.2.Practitioners' views76
4.4.4.2.1.Double criminality and sentencing equivalence76
4.4.4.2.2.Sentence execution77
4.4.5.Conclusion78
4.5.Involving the sentenced person in the transfer process79
4.5.1.A compulsory system79
4.5.2.No procedural safeguards80
4.5.2.1.Procedure80
4.5.2.2.Safeguards?81
4.5.3.Survey data81
4.5.4.Nature of competent authorities82
4.5.5.Article 6 ECHR82
4.5.6.Conclusion83
5.Flanking measures85
5.1.Enhancing knowledge and (access to) information85
5.1.1.Implementation handbook, training and monitoring85
5.1.2.Access to information86
5.2.Protection of prisoners' (fundamental) rights by improving material detention conditions87
5.2.1.Training and best practice promotion related to material detention conditions88
5.2.2.Increasing the frequency of CPT inspections88
5.2.3.Introducing binding European minimum standards89
5.2.3.1.Need89
5.2.3.2.EU competence90
5.2.3.2.1.Legal analysis91
5.2.3.2.2.Political analysis93
5.3.Addressing problems related to double criminality, sentencing equivalence and sentence execution94
5.3.1.Maintaining the double criminality requirement95
5.3.2.Approximation and lex mitior to safeguard sentencing equivalence96
5.3.3.Approximation and lex mitior to support sentence execution99
5.4.Improving prisoners' procedural rights103
5.4.1.Introducing a motivational duty for issuing states103
5.4.2.Right to an 'informed' opinion104
5.4.3.Right to a judicial review104
5.4.4.Right to legal assistance104
5.4.5.Obligation to appoint judicial bodies as competent authorities?105
6.Conclusion107
7.Annex 1 National legal framework questionnaire: results and analysis111
7.1.Introduction111
7.2.Material detention conditions112
7.2.1.Question overview - commitments arising from international legal instruments/documents and/or European Court of Human Rights' jurisprudence112
7.2.2.EU and Member State level compliance123
7.2.2.1.EU level - overview table123
7.2.2.2.EU level - compliance analysis128
7.2.2.2.1.General overview128
7.2.2.2.2.Overarching principles129
7.2.2.2.3.Conditions of imprisonment129
7.2.2.2.4.Health130
7,2.2.2.5.Good order131
7.2.2.2.6.Management and staff132
7.2.2.2.7.Inspection and monitoring132
7.2.2.2.8.Sentenced prisoners133
7.2.2.2.9.Juveniles133
7.2.2.3.Member State level - compliance analysis134
7.2.2.3.1.Overview table and analysis134
7.2.2.3.2.Thematic analysis136
7.2.3.SPOC comments232
7.2.3.1.Tables232
7.2.3.2.Analysis235
7.3.Sentence execution modalities236
7.3.1.Tables236
7.3.2.Analysis239
7.4.Early/conditional release , earned remission and suspension of sentence240
7.4.1.Tables240
7.4.2.Analysis252
7.4.2.1.Early/conditional release252
7.4.2.2.Earned remission252
7.4.2.3.Suspension of further execution of a prison sentence252
8.Annex 2 Practitioners questionnaire: results and analysis255
8.1.Introduction255
8.2.Social rehabilitation255
8.2.1.Tables255
8.2.2.Analysis264
8.3.Fundamental Rights266
8.3.1.Tables266
8.3.2.Analysis278
8.3.2.1.Tables278
8.3.2.2.Free comments279
8.4.Offence and sentencing equivalence/sentence execution281
8.4.1.Tables281
8.4.2.Analysis287
8.5.Flanking measures288
8.5.1.Tables288
8.5.2.Analysis300
8.5.2.1.Tables300
8.5.2.2.Free comments301
8.6.Interview's304
8.6.1.Interview with a competent authority representative304
8.6.2.Interview with a European Judicial Body representative305
 Published in the IRCP-series309
Published Antwerpen ; Apeldoorn [etc.] : Maklu, 2011.
Description 310 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Series IRCP-series ; v. 40
IRCP-series ; v. 40.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references.
Subject Prisoners -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- European Union countries.
Imprisonment -- European Union countries.
Repatriation -- European Union countries.
Judicial assistance -- European Union countries.
Added Author Vermeulen, G. (Gert)
ISBN 9789046604557 (pbk.)
9046604551
OCLC No. or Control No. 744284213